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These numismatic charms and amulets depict what is called the "three many", this name is used to describe happiness, longevity, and having many children and grandchildren.
Other common wishes included those for wealth and receiving a high rank from the imperial examination system.
During this period more Chinese numismatic charms and amulets started using implied and hidden meanings with visual puns , this practice was especially expanded upon under the Manchu Qing dynasty.
Unlike government cast Chinese cash coins which typically only have four characters, Chinese numismatic charms often have more than four characters and depict images of various scenes.
Early Chinese numismatic charms tend to be cast while when the first struck coinage started appearing in China machine-struck amulets started to be made as well.
Horse coins Traditional Chinese: The horses featured on horse coins are depicted in various positions. Horse coins are most often manufactured from copper or bronze, but in a few documented cases they may also be made from animal horns or ivory.
The horse coins produced during the Song dynasty are considered to be those of the best quality and craftsmanship and tend be made from better metal than the horse coins produced after.
Chinese zodiac charms are types of charms based on either the twelve animals or the twelve earthly stems. These charms are based on the system of twelve ancient Chinese astronomers deduced by calculating the orbit of Jupiter , which was also applied to Earth , for this reason some ancient Chinese zodiac charms feature stellar constellations.
Chinese numismatic "good luck charms" or "auspicious charms" are special Chinese charms inscribed with various Chinese characters representing good luck and prosperity.
As the idea that lucky charms had strong effects has traditionally been very popular in China they were also used to what some people think can scare away evil and presumably protect their families.
Chinese "good luck charms" generally contain either 4 or 8 characters wishing for good luck, good fortune, money, a long life, many children, and good results in the imperial examination system.
Some Chinese "good luck charms" feature pomegranates which symbolise the desire to get successful and skilled male children as the ideal traditional Chinese family would contain 5 sons and 2 daughters as sons carry the ancestral lineage and take care of their family while daughters only take care of their in-laws.
Some Chinese numismatic charms depict rhinoceroses which is considered a symbol associated with "happiness" due to the fact that the Chinese words for rhinoceros and "happiness" are both pronounced as xi , as the rhinoceros became extinct in Southern China during the ancient period they became mystified in Chinese legends causing the ancient Chinese to believe the stars in the sky were being reflected in the veins and patterns of a rhinoceros horn.
The horn of the rhinoceros was believed that it could emit a vapour that could penetrate bodies water, traverse the skies and open channels to communicate directly with the spirits, for these reasons rhinoceroses are a common theme on Chinese numismatic charms.
Gourd charms Traditional Chinese: The calabash in China is associated with medicine so these charms are used to wish for good health or for many sons as trailing calabash vines are associated with men and carry ten thousand seeds, for this reason gourd charms are considered an important symbol for people who wish to have large families.
As the number eight is considered to be an omen for good luck in China the fact that calabashes are shaped like the Arabic number "8" these charms are considered to be omens of good luck in the modern age.
As calabashes were believed to have the magical power of protecting children from smallpox gourd charms are used with the belief that they keep children healthy as the belief is that the God of smallpox and the measles would transfer the smallpox from the child into the gourd charm.
There exists a variant of the gourd charm which is shaped like two traditional cash coins stacked to resemble a calabash with a small cash-shaped coin on top and a bigger one at the bottom, these charms also just have 4 characters however they do not contain any inscriptions used on cash coins but contain auspicious messages.
For this reason this charm could be interpreted as "happiness is before your eyes". Chinese Eight Treasures charms Traditional Chinese: Most commonly cash coins, the ceremonial Ruyi , coral , lozenge , Rhinoceros horns , sycees , stone chimes, and the flaming pearls are depicted on older charms.
Variants without inscriptions also exist. Because the Jin Chan lives on the moon these charms symbolise wishing for that which is "unattainable" which can be interpreted as that these charms are the most auspicious and conducive to attracting good fortune to the holder.
While contradictory the moral of these charms can be interpreted as that attaining money is the fatal attraction which can lure a person to their downfall.
Vault Protector coins Traditional Chinese: The treasury had a spirit hall for offerings to the gods of the Chinese pantheon, Vault Protector coins would oftentimes be hung with red silk and tassels for the Chinese God of Wealth and these coins were believed to have charm-like magical powers that would protect the vault from misfortune while bringing wealth and fortune to the treasury.
Chinese charms depicting illustrations and subjects from the I-Ching are used to wish for the cosmic principles associated with divination in Ancient China such as simplicity, variability, and persistency.
Bagua charms may also depict the Eight Trigrams. Open-work money Traditional Chinese: The majority of open-work charms are exclusively decorated with images which are identical on both sides of the coin only reversed, while open-work charms that contain Chinese characters are rare.
Compared to other Chinese charms open-work charms are notable for more often being made from bronze than brass and being significantly larger. The first Chinese open-work charms can be dated to the Han dynasty , though the majority of those from this era are small specimens taken from various utensils.
They became more popular during the reigns of the Song , Mongol Yuan , and Ming dynasties but loss popularity under the Manchu Qing dynasty.
One proposition claims that 24 was selected because it is a multiple of the number 8 which was seen as auspicious to the Ancient Chinese due to how the number 8 is pronounced in several varieties of Chinese where the pronunciation is close to that of "good luck", another proposed possibility as to why 24 characters were selected for these charms is because of the twelve Chinese zodiacs and the twelve earthly branches of Chinese mythology.
The game of Xiangqi was originally played with either metallic or porcelain chess pieces during ancient times and these pieces were often collected and researched by those with an interest in Chinese cash coins,   Chinese charms and horse coins.
These coins are regarded as a type of Chinese charm and are divided into the following categories: The earliest discovered Xiangqi pieces date to the Chongning era of the Song dynasty and were unearthed in the province of Jiangxi in These chess charms were also found along the Silk road in provinces like Xinjiang and were also used by the Tanguts of the Western Xia dynasty.
Safe journey charms or safe passage charms are a major category of Chinese numismatic charms, these charms were produced out of a concern by people for their safety while traveling.
One side would usually contain an inscription wishing for the holder of this charm to be granted a safe journey, while the other would contain aspects used on many Chinese charms and amulets such as the Bagua, weapons, and stars.
It is also believed that the Boxers used safe journey charms as badges of membership during their rebellion against the Manchu Qing dynasty.
Spade charms are Chinese charms based on Spade money , as Chinese charms first emerged during the Han dynasty most Chinese numismatic charms actually imitated the round coins with a square hole in the middle that circulated at the time, but as Chinese numismatic charms started to evolve separately from government minted Ancient Chinese coinage ,  and coins shaped like spades, locks, fish, peaches, gourds, etc.
Spade charms are based on Spade money which circulated during the Zhou dynasty until they were abolished by the Qin dynasty ,   spade money was briefly reintroduced by Wang Mang during the Xin dynasty.
Chinese spade charms are generally based on the spade money that was produced under the Xin dynasty by Wang Mang. Chinese lock charms Traditional Chinese: An example of a Chinese lock charm is the "hundred family lock" Traditional Chinese: Many Chinese lock charms are used to wish for stability.
Other designs of lock charms include religious mountains, the Bagua, and Yin Yang symbol. One of the most common ways many ancient Chinese people attempted to protect themselves on this day was by wearing "five poisons" charms around their necks and especially around the necks of their children.
The "Eight Decalitres of Talent" charm is a Qing dynasty era handmade charm that has a blue coloured rim, the left and right characters are painted green while the top and bottom characters are painted orange.
The inscription was devised by the Eastern Jin dynasty poet Xie Lingyun as a reference saying that talent was divided in ten pieces and that Cao Zhi alone contains eight of the ten.
Fish charms Traditional Chinese: Chinese peach charms Traditional Chinese: Peace charms Traditional Chinese: Peace charms are also found to depict the twelve Chinese zodiacs and contain visual puns.
Chinese burial coins Traditional Chinese: The practice dates back to the Shang dynasty when cowrie shells were used, in the belief that the money would be used in the afterlife and be used as a bribe to Yan Wang who would then give a more favourable destination regarding for the spirit of the deceased.
Today clay imitations of currency are no longer used but has been replaced by Joss paper , which is burned rather than buried with the deceased subjects.
Chinese "Laid to Rest" burial charms are bronze Chinese funerary charms or coins usually found in graves, they measure from 2. These coins were mostly found in graves dating from the late Qing dynasty period but one of these coins was found in a coin hoard of Northern Song dynasty coins.
Due to many taboos these coins are excluded from numismatic reference books on either Chinese coinage or charms and amulets, in fact on many online coin forums it is not uncommon for Chinese commenters to state that they find these coins as either "horrifying" or "scary" due to the fact that they were put into the mouths of dead people and that these coins ought to be "thrown away because they are unlucky", for these reason these funerary charms tend to be extremely unwanted among collectors which explains their exclusion from reference books.
Little girls would hang these little shoe charms over their beds in the hope that they will help them find love. Chinese little shoe charms tend to be around an inch long.
Shoes are also associated with wealth because their shape is similar to that of a sycee. During the Song dynasty there were Chinese numismatic charms cast that depict people playing the sport of cuju , a form of football.
These charms display four images of football players in varying positions around the square hole in the middle of the coin, and the reverse side of the coin depicts a dragon and a phoenix, which are the traditional symbols representing men and women, possibly indicating the unisex nature of the sport.
Some Chinese cash coins were known to display features commonly seen in Chinese numismatic charms, Chinese coins with charm features have been created over two thousand years ago with the early Ban Liang and Wu Zhu cash coins, and when the first Chinese charms started appearing during the Han dynasty these coins were already commonplace.
A coin from Shu Han with the nominal value of Wu Zhu cash coins featured a fish on the reverse of the inscription which symbolises "abundance" and "perseverance" in Chinese culture.
Another Shu Han era coin contained the inscription of Tai Ping Bai Qian which was taken as an omen of peace and this coin is often considered to be a peace charm.
During the Jurchen Jin dynasty coins were cast with reverse inscriptions that featured characters from the twelve earthly branches and ten heavenly stems.
During the Ming dynasty stars were sometimes used decoratively on some official government produced cash coins.
Several myths were attributed to this coin over the following three-hundred years since it has been cast such as the myth that the coin was cast from molten down golden statues of the 18 disciples of the Buddha which earned this coin the nicknames "the Lohan coin" and "Arhat money".
Despite the myths surrounding this coin I was made from a copper-alloy and did not contain any gold but it was not uncommon for people to enhance the coin with gold leaf.
Chinese marriage charms Traditional Chinese: The name "spring money" is a reference to an ancient Chinese ritual in which girls and boys would sing romantic music to each other from across a stream that is still practised by various minorities today.
Sex acts were traditionally only scarcely depicted in Chinese art but stone carvings from the Han dynasty showcasing sexual intercourse were found and bronze mirrors with various sexual themes were common during the Tang dynasty.
It was also during the Tang dynasty that coins graphically depicting sex started being produced. Some Chinese marriage charms contain references to the famous 9th century poem Chang hen ge , where characters are illustrated in four different sex positions and four Chinese characters representing the spring, wind, peaches, and plums.
Chinese pendant charms Traditional Chinese: Around the beginning of the Han dynasty a large number of Chinese charms appeared to be produced and the Chinese people started to wear some types of Chinese numismatic charms around their necks or waists as pendants or attached these charms to the rafters of their houses, pagodas, temples and many other buildings as well as on lanterns.
As time progressed many different types of Chinese charms were created and while some were worn on a daily basis others were exclusively used for specific rituals or holidays.
Fish, lock, spade, and peach charms were all used to be worn on a daily basis and excluding the latter two were mostly worn by young children and infants.
Some pendant charms only contained a single loop while most others also had either a square or round hole in the centre.
Due to the nature of this charm it could be read both clockwise and counter-clockwise which could change the entire meaning of a sentence if read. Due to the way this inscription was written it tells of two sides of a combative relationship and could be read as representing either party.
The reverse side of this coin features images of thunder and clouds. Confucian charms are Chinese numismatic charms that depict the traditions, rituals, and moral code of Confucianism such as filial piety and "righteousness".
Chinese money trees Traditional Chinese: Various legends from China dating to as early as the Three Kingdoms period mention a tree that if shaken would cause coins to fall off of its branches, and money trees as a charm have been found in Southwest Chinese tombs from the Han dynasty and later, where they are believed to have been placed there to help guide the dead to the afterlife and provide them with monetary support.
According to one myth the origin of the money tree was that an old gray-haired man gave a farmer a special seed and then commanded the farmer to water the seed every day with his own sweat until the seed would sprout and then water it with his blood and after the tree had grown the farmer found out that if he would shake the tree that cash coins would fall out and that this effect was indefinite as the cash coins would grow back after every time which caused the farmer to become rich and the money tree would become an eternal source of wealth, this story was originally thought up to support the moral that one can only become wealthy through their own toil with their own sweat and blood.
The leaves of the Paulownia cash coins and become yellow during the Autumn causing them to physically look like either gold or bronze cash coins.
The earliest money trees however date back to the Han dynasty in present-day Sichuan where at the time a Taoist religious order named the Way of the Five Pecks of Rice , the money trees uncovered by archeologists have been known to be as tall as centimeters, other than being decorated with many strings of cash coins these money trees were also decorated with little bronze dogs, bats, Chinese deities, elephants, deer, phoenixes, and dragons and had a foundation made from pottery but a body made from bronze.
Taoist charms Traditional Chinese: As the people of Imperial China often believed that fortune both good and bad were the results of the spirits interfering with them they attempted to scare evil spirits away just as they would hostile humans.
Since early history the Chinese had attributed magical powers and influence to Hanzi characters believing that certain characters could impact spirits, in fact the Huainanzi described that the spirits were horror-stricken of being commanded by the magical powers of the Hanzi characters which were used for amulets and charms, this is possibly due to the fact that the majority of the population of China was illiterate for most of its history.
Many early Han dynasty charms and amulets were worn as pendants containing inscriptions requesting that people who were deified in the Taoist religion to lend them protection.
Some Taoist charms contain inscriptions based on "Taoist magic writing" Chinese: The secrecy of Taoist "magic writing" made many people to think that Chinese charms and amulets that contained them would have more effect in controlling the will of the spirits.
As imperial decrees had absolute authority this proliferated the myth that the general populace held that Hanzi characters were somehow magical which in turn inspired Chinese charms and amulets to take the forms of imperial decrees.
Taoist charms containing the quest for immortality are quite a common motif and reproductions of this charm were commonly made after the Song period.
On the reverse side of the charm are the twelve Chinese zodiacs, each zodiac is in a circle surrounded by what in the Chinese numismatic charms world is referred to as "auspicious clouds" which number eight as this is considered a "lucky" number in China.
Chinese charms with coin inscriptions Traditional Chinese: Various official coin inscriptions already have very auspicious meanings which is also why these inscriptions were selected to be used on Chinese numismatic charms and amulets, during times of crisis and disunity such as under the reign of Wang Mang the number of charms with coin inscriptions seem to increase enormously.
Northern Song dynasty era charms may have been based on actual Mother coins that were used to produce the official cash coins produced by the government but were given different reverses to make them into charms.
Chinese charms with "barbarian" musicians, dancers, and acrobats Traditional Chinese: These charms generally depict four individuals of which one is doing an acrobatic stunt such as the handstand while all others are playing various musical instruments; one of which is a four string instrument which might possibly be a ruan , another plays the flute , and the other plays on musical instrument known as the wooden fish.
The reverse side of these charms depict four children or babies playing and enjoying themselves which is a common feature for Liao dynasty charms, above these babies is a person resembling a baby that appears to ride on something.
Chinese poem coins Traditional Chinese: These coins were always placed together to form the following poems:. Sometimes they were painted red as the colour red is viewed to be auspicious in Chinese culture.
Sometimes these coins had obverse inscriptions wishing for good fortunes and the twenty mint marks on their reverse, these inscriptions include:.
Buddhist charms Traditional Chinese: Some Buddhist charms are pendants dedicated to the Bodhisattva Guanyin , many contain the image of a lotus which is traditionally associated with the Buddha, and cooking bananas associated with Vanavasa.
Less commonly some Buddhist charms also contain Taoist symbolism including the Taoist "magic writing" secret script. Chinese Boy charms Traditional Chinese: As the traditional ideal for a Chinese family was to have five sons and only two daughters boys were the preferred sex, this was because of a multitude of factors including but not limited to the fact that males are to carry out the Confucian ideal of filial piety, performing ancestor worship and continuing the family line, as well take care of their parents when they grow up.
Many families hoped that at least one of their sons would be succeed to pass the imperial examination system and attain the honourable rank of Mandarin.
Often the boys depicted on Chinese boy charms were in a position of reverence, and these little statuettes of boys are found on top of traditional Chinese numismatic charm designs, these charms are more commonly found in Southern China.
Some boy charms contain images of lotus seeds because the Chinese word for lotus sounds similar to "continuous" wishing for continuous amount of sons being born.
Chinese astronomy coins Traditional Chinese: Astronomy coins usually contain guideposts to differentiate the different stars and constellations on coins, the constellations are divided into four cardinal directions equal to the wind directions.
Chinese house charms refer to Chinese numismatic charms and amulets placed within a house to bring good fortune to the place, or to balance the house according to Feng shui, these charms date back as early as the Han dynasty.
As ancient Chinese people believed that they needed assistance from spirts and gods to gain wealth, male offspring, and protection from evil spirits and demonic entities these house charms were placed in houses as early as during the construction of the place, they were also placed in temples and many other types of buildings.
Many traditional Chinese houses tend to display images of the menshen. Five poison charms are often used to scare away unwanted human visitors as well as actual pets depicted on these charms such spiders and snakes.
Swords are a common theme on Chinese numismatic charms and amulets, and there are even a lot of Chinese talismans shaped like swords made from coins, the usage of swords in Chinese numismatic charms has a long history.
Most Chinese numismatic charms and amulets that feature swords often only show a single swords, while those that display two swords are reasonably uncommon.
Chi You was also skilled in the art of blacksmithing and myths credit him for the invention of dagger-axes , halberds , lances , long spears , tribal spears, and swords.
During the Spring and Autumn Period the notion that swords could not only be used against human enemies but also against evil spirits and demons came to being.
Many Taoist sects around this time were created that were focused on swords believing that swords could not only defeat demons but contained medical properties.
Under the Sui and Tang dynasties ritualistic swords constructed of peach wood started to appear. Around this time Chinese amulets which used swords based on the aforementioned legends started being produced, often these amulets resembled Chinese cash coins but had crossed swords decorated with ribbons or fillets on them, as the ancient Chinese believed that these items enhanced the powers of the item they were tied to.
Chinese swords commonly are engraved with imagery representing the Big Dipper and this also became common for Chinese amulets that featured swords.
In symbolism where swords are combined with the Big Dipper ribbons are used less frequently due to the belief that swords could draw their magical properties from this constellation which had unlimited power.
The image of two swords on Chinese amulets stems from a legend where Taoist leader Zhang Daoling saw Laozi appear to him on a mountain in present-day Sichuan and gave him two swords.
Lei Hua ordered one of his servants to retrieve his sword by swimming into the river and diving to fetch it, under the water the servant tasked with finding the sword only witnessed two coiled and entwined Chinese dragons.
Another popular way swords are integrated in Chinese numismatic charms and amulets is by stringing Chinese cash coins or imitations of cash coins into a sword-shape, in Feng shui these coin-swords are often hung above windows or on the side of walls because it is believed that demons and evil spirits would be frightened away by these objects because these swords resemble the sword of Zhong Kui.
Another person who appears on Chinese amulets is Zhenwu who is regarded as the perfect warrior. Sometimes rather than using images of real swords an image of a calamus is used due to the fact that the leaves of this plant resemble a sword.
In November Dr. Alex Chengyu Fang made on Twitter were noted by Dr. Wang that paizi inspired designs not only appeared on rectangular charms and amulets but also on cash coin-shaped charms which are round with a square centre hole where the paizi is featured directly above the square hole and often feature Chinese zodiacs in their designs.
The British Museum is also in possession of Chinese charms and amulets with these designs which they acquired from the Tamba Collection which was originally in the hands of Kutsuki Masatsuna , who lived bwtween the years and The collection of the Chinese Numismatic Charms Museum contains both Chinese coins and paper money and has more than two thousand Chinese numismatic charms from the Han dynasty until the Republic of China.
One of the most well known Liao dynasty charms is the "Mother of Nine Sons" charm, this charm is fully pictorial and has no inscription, the charm has three groups which each consist of three people which are believed to be the sons of the woman riding a dragon on the other side, the three groups are believed to symbolise the three different levels of the imperial examination system.
There are Chinese numismatic charms produced by the Sui people of Guizhou. Unlike Chinese charms Sui charms differentiate between male and female dragons by showing male genitalia on the male dragon, this seems to be a common feature for male dragons on numismatic charms by neighbouring ethnic groups from the same region.
The implied and hidden meanings of Chinese numismatic charms and amulets Traditional Chinese: Unlike cash coins Chinese numismatic charms also depict a large range of images which are intended to enhance the rich symbolism of Chinese charms.
Many Chinese numismatic charms and amulets also contain a lot of visual ad spoken puns, this is due to the nature of Chinese languages where they contain an enormous number of written Hanzi characters but only a minor number of spoken words which means that many Hanzi characters have the same pronunciation.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Fish in Chinese mythology. Lei Ting curse charm. Chinese swords and polearms and Ghosts in Chinese culture.
Homophonic puns in Mandarin Chinese , Chinese astrology , Chinese numerology , and Imperial examination in Chinese mythology. In some variations lizards replace spiders.
The "three-legged toad" is often seen as one of the five poisons. Retrieved 14 May Retrieved 6 July Retrieved 27 March Retrieved 26 June Retrieved 1 June A historical investigation into their nature and origin.
By Michael Lewy Rodkinson. Published in New York. Mission, Kansas, USA, Metal Charms and Amulets of China. Chinese Charms and Amulets.
Retrieved 13 April Rodika Tchi for The Spruce. Retrieved 14 April Retrieved 13 May Retrieved 18 April Updated on September 4, Retrieved on April 19th, Korean Charms and Amulets.
Chinese Traditional Auspicious patterns. Retrieved 20 April Retrieved 22 April Kuan Yin for Mahjong Treasures. Nelson - Sterling Publishing Company, Inc.
Variants and Their Uses. History of Religions - Vol. Retrieved 4 August Retrieved 25 April Mevius - Chinese charms and amulets.
Retrieved 26 April Retrieved 29 April In this article, Percy J. Smith introduces readers to the history of Chinese copper coins from the Zhou dynasty to Tang dynasty.
Several illustrations of different types of coins are included. Retrieved 30 April This early form of currency became the foundation of succeeding coins minted in China.
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Retrieved 6 May Retrieved 15 May Lizzie Dearden for The Independent. Sarah Griffiths for MailOnline. Lauren Mack for ThoughtCo.
Joss Paper, also known as ghost or spirit money, are sheets of paper that are burned in traditional Chinese deity or ancestor worship ceremonies during special holidays.
Joss paper is also burned in traditional Chinese funerals. Retrieved 11 May Zhongguo da baike quanshu chubanshe , Vol. Turk of Cornwall , United Kingdom.
Retrieved 8 May Currency of the Farther East, V1: Saturday, December 17, Coins with Holes Holed Coins. Yesterday I received in the mail a gift from a friend in Berkeley California of what looks like a Chinese Kama Sutra coin.
It is almost one-fourth inch thick and it appears to be bronze. Can you tell me something about it? United Feature Syndicate Inc. Retrieved 9 May The Palindrome Poet - Su Hui wrote unmatched poetry that can be read any way the reader desires.
The Currency of the Far East. Zhongguo Huaqian Chinese Amulet Coins p, The main concepts of Confucianism are discussed. June 8, 6: Retrieved 10 May China; probably Sichuan province.
Eastern Han dynasty 25— Just shy of 90 years old. Made just 7 years before Thurston passed away. Thank you for your interest. Great for magicians and magic tricks.
Lucky fortune coins are used extensively in many feng shui cures and practices throughout Asia and the world! This coin has auspicious Chinese c This coin features feng shui symbols of the Chinese zodiac, bagua, two cro The sum of all numbers on the roulette wheel is , the chambers of the cylinder add up to 6.
It is said to put these double dragon Chinese coins I Ching Coins into the purse, wallet, or handbag can bring wealth. This coin has auspicio It is believed to keep Chinese I Ching coins into the purse, wallet, or handbag can bring wealth.
Each of the coins is approx. Lucky coin money magnet attracts money like a magnet. How a strange and mysterious British penny brought remarkable good fortune to all those it was handed to She was poor and down on her luck.
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This was the mids. Romance also came his way. We fell for each other, got married and had kids. There was no doubt about it. My life had turned on its head within a short few years — ever since finding my lucky penny.
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It was little things at first. I set up warehouses and distribution, and within three years I found myself wealthy. This was the mids. Romance also came his way.
We fell for each other, got married and had kids. There was no doubt about it. My life had turned on its head within a short few years — ever since finding my lucky penny.
Maybe it was just coincidence? And every time it did, my luck got even better. Take it from me, there was something about that coin — something uncanny.
The old guy foraged in his jacket pocket for a moment, then pulled out a coin. What more could I have asked for in life? No, for me, this coin is worth all the gold in Fort Knox.
He then looked at Maddie. The old guy shook his head. And besides, you can pass it on too when the time comes. So Maddie graciously accepted the gift.
She thanked the old guy again and climbed aboard the bus. A little later she remembered the coin and took it out of her pocket to have a look at it.
I got to know Maddie in through a good friend of mine who lives in Illinois. During one discussion, she told me that her luck had changed in an instant after meeting the old guy and being given the coin.
Maddie jumped at the chance. Books where her field of expertize and her passion and joy. The business took off and I ended up being a partner in the firm," Maddie said.
Eventually, we got married and had a couple of kids. Maddie learned back in the wooden chair she was sitting on, and put her feet up on a freshly sawn log close by.
You come into the world in direct contact with it. You are it, and it is you. But as you grow into childhood and become a teenager, you begin to lose touch with that side of yourself.
This is more true than ever nowadays, what with the cult of celebrity, TVs, and computers everywhere. This is almost always to our detriment, one way and another.
What it does do is put you on the right path in life — your path. That way, you flow with the river instead of against it. You ride with your fate instead of fight it.
When you are able to do that, you are truly fulfilled in life, and things always fall into place. In short, I was gunning down a long highway to nowhere.
She then reached into her pocked and pulled out an old and worn copper penny, and handed it to me. She held up her hand. Kate Muir for Our Everyday Life.
A Symbol of Chinese Culture". The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 24 June Jennifer Lim Jennifer Lim Art. Joyce Kwong for Clars Going once!
It can be found on the ancient bronze containers, cave painting, costumes, porcelain,etc. The cloud is always associated with gods, legendary creatures like dragons, treasure.
That is why it represents the meaning of holiness, and it also means luck when it appears in red color. It was also the major pattern printed on the Beijing Olympics torch.
Retrieved 4 June Symbols in Chinese Art. Types of Symbols in Chinese Art. Retrieved 8 July Retrieved 29 July Rodika Tchi The Spruce.
The Genealogy of Chess. Premier Publishing, Bethesda, Maryland, Imperial Splendour 3 Dec , Designs of Chinese Blessings: Science in Traditional China: The Chinese University Press.
Retrieved 28 June Peter Verry Footwear News. Ben Felderstein Sneaker News. Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved 28 July China News originally published by The Kunming Times.
Paul Stamets The Huffington Post. Retrieved 21 June Trafford , United Kingdom: Retrieved 15 July Journal of Chinese Studies No.
The Chinese University of Hong Kong. Retrieved 1 July The Art of the Horse in Chinese History: Kentucky Horse Park, Living in the Chinese Cosmos: Understanding Religion in Late Imperial China The History of Chinese Dance.
Ninchanese Blog Tips and tricks to help you learn Chinese. Words of My Perfect Teacher: AltaMira Press, , Archived from the original on Retrieved 27 July Shanghai News and Press Bureau.
Archived from the original on 27 February Retrieved 14 October AttractChina Attract China Blog. Retrieved 14 July Retrieved 13 July AsiaSentinel Multiple awards fr excellence in Asian journalism.
Experiences of Infertility and in vitro Fertilization in China". An expert guide to the symbolism of Chinese ceramic decoration — Peonies, jasmine, chrysanthemums and other flowers are loaded with meaning in Chinese art.
With the aid of a selection of exceptional pieces — offered in London on 15 May — Chinese Ceramics specialist Katie Lundie peels back the layers.
Five Thousand Years of Chinese Art. Reprint of ed. A History of Chinese Entomology. Printed by Entomotaxonomia, Wugong, Shaanxi, China.
In Chinese with English and Esperanto summeries. Four Thousand Years of Chinese Art. The Ronald Press Co. The Symbol of the Beast.
The Animal-Style Art of Eurasia. Meanings and Culture of the Great Evergreen". Pine, Bamboo, and Plum. The Bonding Tool The power of food as a bonding tool — use it to create a meaningful relationship!
Retrieved 12 July Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Chinese Art and Culture. Grove Press, Ney York. Posted by India North. Retrieved 10 July A study in Chinese Archaeology and Religion.
It originally represented the revolving sun, fire, or life. One of the oldest known Swastikas was painted on a paleolithic cave at least 10, years ago.
Retrieved 3 July The Philosophy of Yin and Yang". On exhibition from April 01, to June 28, Retrieved 4 July Retrieved 10 August Retrieved 11 August Flowers, dragons and pine trees: Amelia Meyer Tigers — The most majestic cats in the world.
Symbolism in Chinese Art by Gary Gach. The exhibition Hidden Meanings: Symbolism in Chinese Art runs until Dec. It will be featured in the Exhibitions section of Asianart.
Uploaded by Noelle Giuffrida. Historical money of Tibet Kucha coinage Manchukuo yuan Xinjiang coins. Mother coin Ancestor coin.
Hong Kong dollar Macanese pataca. Economy of China Economy of Taiwan. Chinese Horse coin Japanese Korean Vietnamese. Retrieved from " https: Chinese numismatic charms Amulets Chinese numismatics.
Open-work charms with buildings and temples [a]. The first celebration where those who were successful in the imperial examination system was allegedly held in an apricot grove.
The head of an axe is considered to be one of the Twelve Ornaments imperial China. Bamboo 1  . These are also the ideals of Confucian scholars.
Bamboo is also used to represent Taoist ideals as bamboo often bends during extreme weather conditions without breaking. When bats are placed upside-down this means that happiness bas arrived.
The five fortunes A long life, being wealthy, being healthy and having composure, virtue, and the desire to die a natural death in old age. Calamus   .
Carps lay a lot of eggs which is why they are associated with fertility. The cash coin is considered to be one of the "Eight Treasures". Cash coins are round with a square hole in the middle which was based on the Ancient Chinese belief that the earth was square and the heavens were circular or round.
Chestnuts are often given as a Chinese wedding gift. Ancient Chinese chime stones were made from jade thus were considered to be expensive and therefore valuable.
People who maintain their virtuous nature in the face of adverse and tempting circumstances. The chrysanthemum is one of the Chinese Four gentlemen.
The chrysanthemum blooms quite late in the year when the circumstances are less than optimal. Cicadas survive under the ground for a significant amount of time before they rise from the ground and fly towards the skies.
Citron Citrus medica var. Coral is considered to be one of the Chinese "Eight treasures". Promotions in rank for officials. Red coral is believed to be auspicious because the colour red is associated with happiness, good fortune, and good luck.
Coral buttons on the hats of government officials signify one of the nine grades. Coral resembles deer antlers and deer are associated with longevity.
Success in the Chinese imperial examination system and a high rank as a government official. Success in the imperial examination system and achieving a high rank.
A harmonious and good marriage. In Ancient China it was believed that cranes reach high ages before their death. Images of cranes were embroiled in the dresses of government officials with advanced ranks.
Traditionally the Chinese people thought that deer could reach high ages because they were thought to be the only animal with the ability to locate the magical lingzhi fungus of immortality.
Dogs are one of the twelve Chinese zodiacs. The door gods were warriors who fought evil. Longevity, the renewal of life, fertility, prosperity, and benevolence.
The Emperor [n]  The east and the spring. The dragon is one of the twelve Chinese zodiacs. The Chinese dragon is associated with yang the orient, springtime, and "male energy" while the Chinese phoenix is associated with its opposite, Yin.
Peace and prosperity in marriage as well as conjugal affection and fidelity. The ancient Chinese people believed that Mandarin ducks mated for life.
Dumplings are often shaped like crescents which symbolise the desire to have "a year of abundance". Additionally if a dumpling has dates inside of it this could mean a wish for "the early birth of sons".
The eight immortals refers to eight individuals who practiced the religion of Taoism and had attained immortality.
Eight treasures Chinese [p]. These are the traditional eight treasures from China, but they can also be considered to be a subset of the hundred treasures.
Eight treasures Buddhist [q]. The lotus flower symbolises purity and enlightenment. The Wheel of the Dharma symbolises knowledge.
The treasure vase symbolises wealth. The endless knot symbolises harmony. The parasol symbolises protection. A fish pair symbolise happiness in marriage.
The elephant is also the eponymous character of xiangqi or "Elephant Chess". If shown together with a dragon then the fenghuang and dragon pair represent a harmonious and happy marriage.
The South and Summer. The Empress of China. The ancient Chinese people believed that fenghuang or Chinese phoenixes only appeared at peaceful times of economical prosperity and when the government ruled its people in a good manner.
The fenghuang Chinese phoenix represents yin female while the dragon represents yang male. The fish is often used with other Chinese amuletic symbols to represent a wish or desire to get more of that, these things include "more children", "more good luck", "more wealth", "more money", "more prosperity", "more good fortune", "more success in the imperial examination system", Etc.
Happiness in marriage if two fish are featured on a charm or amulet. Fish as a symbol are extremely common on Chinese numismatic charms and amulets but are very rare on government cast Chinese cash coins.
Five blessings 1 [r]. These are the Chinese five blessings described in the Book of Documents. These are a popular "alternative five blessings" in China.
The ability to counteract the pernicious influences of toxins. The endless cycle of transformation. If a flaming pearl is chased by a Chinese dragon then the pearl in this context may be thought of as a visual metaphor for perfection as well as enlightenment.
Wealth, treasure, pure intentions, and genius in obscurity. Chinese dragons are often depicted as chasing a "pearl" like jewel object. As a dragon begins to devour the pearl, a decreasing amount of the pearl can be seen and the pearl appears to the watcher as a waning moon.
As a dragon disgorges the pearl from itself, an increasing amount of the pearl is seen and the pearl therefore appears to the watcher as a waxing moon.
The flaming pearl is a member of the Chinese Eight Treasures. Fly-whisks are tools that can be used to hit or swat gnats and other flies, as a symbol on Chinese charms and amulets the "fly-whisk" bears association with Buddhist gods and Taoist immortals, particularly the members of the 8 immortals Lu Dongbin and He Xiangu.
The "fly-whisks" carried by these deities and immortals are symbolically used to signify "the sweeping away of ignorance".
Four Divine Creatures [u]. Each animal symbolises a direction and has a season associated with that direction. Each member of the Four Gentlemen represents a season.
The "Four Happiness Boys" is an image of two boys that makes it look as if there are four, this illusion creates the hope for frequent successful reproduction and was therefore a common gift for newlywed couples in ancient China.
Fungus of Immortality [x]. Every goat had a six-eared rice stalk in its mouth which were given to the people with the promise by these immortals that Guangzhou would never suffer a famine again.
These five goats remained after the immortals had left and transformed into stone. God of Examinations [z]. The God of Examinations is often thought to help candidates pass the difficult and rigorous Chinese civil exams of the imperial examination system.
God of Happiness [aa]. Good luck and good fortune. God of Longevity [ab]. In Confucianism it is believed that wisdom comes with old age.
Taoists admire longevity as their religion revolves around the quest for immortality. God of Prosperity [ac]. The God of Prosperity is usually seen holding a Ruyi scepter in one hand which in more archaic versions used to be a short sword alongside a sword-guard which he used for either making gestures or self-defense, however the Ruyi scepter stands for whatever its holder wishes for to come true as well as prosperity.
The God of Prosperity if a member of the Taoist 3 immortals. The punishment of humans that have committed certain types criminal offences as well evil spirits which have harmed human beings.
Leigong is usually featured on Taoist numismatic charms in the form of the inscription "O Thunder God, destroy devils, subdue bogies, and drive away evil influences.
Guan Yu is an immortalised Chinese general who is often depicted wielding a huge broadsword , he uses this enormous broadsword to fight evil.
Caishen is usually depicted either carrying or being surrounded by cash coins, sycees, coral and other symbols the ancient Chinese associated with wealth.
Gods of Peace and Harmony [ad]. Protection or being guarded from something. To bless or a blessing. Happiness and attaining a high rank in the imperial examination system.
Fertility, having many sons and grandsons. Grasshopper Tettigoniidae  . Grasshoppers are associated with fertility because like to gather together in a manner similar to a human extended family, and they reproduce in large quantities.
Grasshoppers were raised by ancient Chinese children for fun during the summer and autumn. The Chinese katydid or long-horned grasshopper has musical abilities akin to a musical instrument by simply rubbing its wings together to create "music".
Strength, stamina or perseverance , and speed. If a horse is shown holding scrolls these represent the Yellow River Map which brought the origins of Chinese culture to Fuxi.
Horses are one of the twelve animals represented in the Chinese zodiacs. Horses are associated with strength because of their physical endurance.
Horses are associated with the nomadic Mongol people who were the dominant class in the society of the Yuan dynasty.
Horse in Chinese mythology. Kitchen God   . The Kitchen God is the most important of a plethora of Chinese domestic gods in Chinese folk religion , Chinese mythology , and Taoism.
Majesty and raw strength. High government positions and officials. Male lions are usually seen playing with a ball while female lions are depicted playing with her offspring.
In Buddhism lions are depicted as the guardians of that religion and a symbol of Buddhist kings, and many Buddhist deities are depicted riding a lion.
Cultural depictions of lions. Liu Haichan and Jin Chan. Purity and being detached from all earthly cares.
Harmony in marriage and coitus. Having lots of children continuously lotus seeds. Gautama Buddha is often shown sitting on a lotus.
When a lotus pod is shown on the same Chinese numismatic charm as a lotus stem this is used as a symbol for a harmonious marriage and having sexual intercourse.
The lozenge is one of the Chinese 8 treasures associated with good luck. People cooperating with each other. It is currently still unclear why lozenges are associated with good luck.
The lozenges when two are interlocked symbolise this ancient Chinese musical instrument due to their diamond-shape. Two interlocked lozenges symbolise two hearts working together with a single mindset.
There are several Chinese sayings associated with magpies which could be conveyed by using images of a magpie or magpies in a rebus.
The bronze mirror is one of the Chinese 8 treasures. The ancient Chinese believed that if a demon or evil spirit would see a mirror that they would be scared of their own reflection and run away.
Wealth, riches, and treasures. See Chinese numismatic charm Chinese money trees for more detailed information. The monkey is one of the 12 animals represented as a Chinese zodiac.
Monkeys in Chinese culture. Monkey riding a horse [ah]. Thin coins which thinner than a US penny. Lot of 50 Pcs. This must have good luck token is artisan crafted and the eye-catching designs are a detailed raised strike.
Just shy of 90 years old. Made just 7 years before Thurston passed away. Thank you for your interest. Great for magicians and magic tricks.
Lucky fortune coins are used extensively in many feng shui cures and practices throughout Asia and the world! This coin has auspicious Chinese c This coin features feng shui symbols of the Chinese zodiac, bagua, two cro The sum of all numbers on the roulette wheel is , the chambers of the cylinder add up to 6.
It is said to put these double dragon Chinese coins I Ching Coins into the purse, wallet, or handbag can bring wealth.
This coin has auspicio